; 7 " x

THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR ~

AN INTERNATIONAL BAILY NEWSPAPER BOSTON, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1953

Woman FBI Agent Ties Devens Officer To Communist Unit

{ By a Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

bershi Ey Joan Thiriet Fort Devens, mem p. At the time of Lieu- Information of the activities of tenant Thierman’s alleged appli- | ee a rare ee eas

: tion f bership, -| ) : | the Communist Party in Wash- Cie that the cis! A threat from the King of Cambodia to start negotiations j ington about the year 1946 was on all levels conducting a recruit- | with the Communists unless France grants his country com- | supplied today by Mrs. Mary ing drive. In the spring of 1946,| plete independence has worsened the Indo-China situation | Stalicut Markward, former Fed~- wll Sele asain gg oe alr +g ave as rir ne a eg meng Mr Aesop wg | eral Bureau of Investigation un~ ington-Maryland district where |tne three Indo-China states under French protectorate, issued bo idercover agent in testimony she served as an officer. / / fae 2 pwr :

For a moment the boy was | t th o amertiol wees a communiqué clarifying the sovereign’s declaration. speechless. It was all as sudden, & seehond ead aabagg " Party Name Changed This news was accompanied by the governmental informa- as inexplicable—and as wonder- : j ceedings against Lt. Sheppard She told the court that in order | tion that the King already had had some contact with repre- ee . ‘gga riers 'sentatives of Ho Chi Minh, leader of the Communist Viet minh |

vik hax.

sEcTions

Reds Turn Heavy Fire Against Southeast Asia

Cambodia Warns France ‘Sellout’ Hit

7

/

ft ——$— By ** ATLANTIC EDITION FIVE CENTS A COPY

VOLUME 45 NO. 131 THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCIETY

The PWs Come Home

Speechless But Happy

oo . . ae Pe 7

Ta RS, . Sea

stra , glistened as he gazed out over the crowd Lelow him.

<- seappd gr Medina of ii in a camp. Now he was stand- erect and free in the warm California sunshine.

Mrs, Markward, who said she to make the membership in the} ,,. Emperor Dai of Viet Nam had served the Communist uP party more attractive, a conven-| Hanh. Tt slo was rumored oe een

{hat she was teevetary-treasurer 0m Was held in 1945 at which Under the shadow of these new dangers, the cabinet of

that she was secretary-treasurer

airlift. Surging Welcome

The welcome that surged over the 35 returning prisoners alight- ing at California’s Travis Air

Base here this week makes a |} heart - warming ending to their

part in the weird, undeclared war © which swept them up in its rush- ~ ing tide and carried them into 5 the anxious void of months and ~

' ' lof the city organization in the | nation’s capital in 1946 when the |} defendant was alleged to have i} applied for membership.

She identified the card which

S the prosecution claims was an ‘S| application form for member-

>. 8|ship in the

Communist Party as one she received in her nor-

| mal course of duties as secretary »~~ | of the District of Columbia Com-

munist group.

time the name of the organiza- tion was changed from the Com- munist Party to the Communist Political Association. The next year, however, she stated “the name was changed back to the Communist Party.”

to gain continuance to a future date of court-martial proceedings in the trial of Lieutenant Thier- man have been denied, The ap-

French Premier René Mayer held a meeting April 29, to de-

‘cide whether the Communist aggression against Laos should be put before the United Na- ‘tions Security Council.

Repeated efforts by Mr. Bloch |

No decision was taken, how- ever, for it is clear that the gov- ernment is split on this im-

supplies. across the border in southern China.

M. Bidault, on the other hand, maintains that the UN could not in take speedy action on the os and .that France run the risk of see- ing its case thrown out by a hos-

portant issue of the conduct to tile vote in the Security Council

be observed internationally to-

from Soviet supporters as well as from Arab and Asiatic countries

peal was based on an allegedly | prejudicial story appearing in | <a encey eracy sk one of this morning's Boston |" premier Mayer and his Minis-

=| The former FBI undercover =| worker, who previously has

years of Chinese Communist © which charge it with “colonial-

ist” policies.

ie ye t began as a fickle spring day

with the sky alternately smiling © and weeping on the small crowd

that came to witness this plain and earnest fact of liberation. The very winds of heaven dealt mercifully with the homing trans- port, shortening its flight time over the final sea leg of the long journey from Tokyo to the mainland so much that some of the parents of the returning war missed the momentous ding.

“They'll come out alphabetic- ally,” an Air Force major cried down to the newsreel men, “the walking wounded first. They say they do not wish to talk to reporters, They want to rest here a little while and then they want to go home.”

First GI Appears

While the major was speaking, a GI came through the hatch- way and started slowly down the ramp. He was Sgt. Edward G. Anderson of Alabama City, Ala. The emotional impact of this mo- ment was something beyond the power of words to impart. There was no noise save the whirring of the movie cameras and a few scattered handclaps.

One by one the men came down the ramp and into the am-

bulances: Brock, Corder-Ramos, Dan-

Associated Press

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Leominster PW Returns

Cpl. Donald K. LeGay wants strawberry shortcake and his convertible

dreo, Dunn, Flamming, Garcia, Gregory, Jackson, Kelley, Ker- sata, Lee, LeGay, Mitchell, Me- dina, McGee, Osorio, Purvis, Pat- rick, Penn, Peterson, Picerno, Pumphrey, Rivera-Oritz, Todd, White.

Now men were being borne out on litters:

Jankovits, Lawley, Pizarro, Smith, Vidal, Weinbrant, Wisemand.

The kaleidoscope of names and faces bespoke the sturdy cross- section from town and country that is welded together to make an army—the racial mixtures that are the bone and sinew of the Anferican character. . Men whose forbears came to America in the Mayflower and men whose fathers came in the steerage from Queenstown and Genoa centuries later, and some whose great grandparents came in Yankee slavers.

The homely human touches surrounding the Travis scene be- speak the individuality of each soldier in the ranks as something

Philpot, Warren,

A Family Waits

which no amount of mass dis- cipline can ever quite submerge.

A veteran of the Ist Marine Di-|

vision, Pfc. Baez Pizarro of Rio

Piedras, Puerto Rico, came home |

wearing a new gold stop watch strapped on his wrist. Pfc. Jose Garcia of Los Angeles came down the ramp with a camera sus- pended from one shoulder and a ditty bag with the oddest assort- ment of bulges dangling from the other. And another of the walking wounded Was clutching a half-squashed cake box, '

Out of the vast-engulfing silence of Chinese Communist captivity the men all brought the same overriding desire for rest, and a concerted tribute to home.

It needed no prompting from Capt. C. H. Dever, a chaplain who was on the plane with the men, for Corporal Medina to as- sert: “My mother’s name is Es- peranza. That means hope. I am sure she never gave me up. I’m

sure she prayed unceasingly as|

I did that I would come home again. I am grateful to God.”

Home, Sweet Home for GI

By the Associated Press ied Leominster, Mass.

Deep into the early morning hours today, the small green and white frame house at 177 Hall Street was kept awake by a delicious insomnia.

“Who can sleep?” asked Mrs. Walter LeGay.

Her son, Cpl. Donald LeGay, was réturning home in a few hours after 29 months’ imprison- ment in North Korea. And (sleep or no sleep) the LeGays were

ready.

Donald’s best gray suit (civil- fan) owas hanging, freshly cleaned and pressed, on the kitchen door. Newly laundered shirts were draped over a dryer in the crowded dining room, near the ironing board. In the same room stood a big refrigerator, jammed with the makings of cheesé sandwiches and straw- berry shortcake and other items Donald relishes.

Near his picture on top of the old upright piano in the small living room were small gifts awaiting the returning Soldier, on the wall opposite the television set stood a stack of clippings recording the GI’s return to free- dom.

New Convertible Waiting

And down at the garage where his father works as a mechanic—

1947—a new convertible was ting. Just how or when the new car

would be paid for, Walter LeGay, a gaunt, quiet man, could not say, A

YH

rl

i

:

Field, Miss., was flying home to make the reunion complete.

And then there was the call from San Francisco at 6 p.m.

“It was Donald again,” said hm, ‘first trip to New York, the Le-

mother. “I had talked to him in Tokyo, but this time he sounded so much better—so much closer. He wanted to know how we all were and asked about the con- vertible.”

The phone had been ringing all day but the LeGays were still hungry for exact word on Don- ald’s arrival in the East.

At 8:10 p.m. it rang again. Mrs. LeGay answered it and repeated aloud a telegram from Washing- ton.

At 8:30, the phone again. This time a picture-magazine photog- rapher wanted to know if he could drive the LeGays to the airport. They said, no thanks, their 1942 Lincoln could ‘still make the trip.

Gis on the Radio

At 8:55, a friend called to say the returning GIs were now on the radio, transcribed, from San Francisco.

The LeGays hurried around their small set in the kitchen but waited in vain for Donald’s voice.

ve Pie)

At 9:02, a New York television director wanted to know if the family would fly down to join Donald in a TV show. Obviously excited by the prospect of their

Gays. said they would think it over.

At 9:15, the Associated Press called from Boston. The Army had just announced the returning Gls were flying commercial lines from the coast.

At 11, after being tipped off by |

a local radio station, the family gathered again in the kitchen to hear Donald interviewed by tran- scription from San Francisco.

“Coming home,” he Said, “is like coming back to earth a sec- ond time.”

Mrs. LeGay looked at her hus- band and smiled.

Asked about reports that some prisoners had succumbed to Com- munist . indoctrination, Donald said, “I’d rather not say.”

“They'd never get Donald to fall for that stuff,” mother. °

Shortly before midnight came definite word that Donald would reach Boston at 3:05 p.m. today.

“Somehow I Still don’t feel sleepy,” his mother said.

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said his

3

tse testified before a subcommittee \of the Senate Committee of the

Judiciary, told the court that upon receipt of this.form she copied off the essential informa- tion necessary for the party’s rec- ords and turned it over to the FBI.

Active in Party

Mrs. Markward further testi- fied that she joined the party in May, 1943, and remained active through October, 1949, during which time she served in several important capacities.

The Maryland housewife ad- mitted she did not know the de- 'fendant personally but she iden-

tified the application card of- fered by the prosecution as hav- ‘ing been received from the stu- \dents’ club of the Communist ‘Party in the nation’s capital. She ‘further stated that she knew Dr, |Eugene Robin, Boston physician, who testified yesterday as one of the leaders of a Communist group in Washington.

During Mrs. Markward’s ten- ure in the Communist Party she actually was an undercover in- vestigator for the FBI. It was on | this point that the defense coun- sel, Emanuel H. Bloch, strenu- ously objected to her testirhony. He said that so far none of her testimony has had any on whether or not Lieutenant Thierman ever became a member of a Communist group.

Mrs. Markward dramatically told of the activities and organi- zation of the Communist group in Washington from the time she joined the party until she quit

newspapers.

The defense counsel chargea | that an article and banner head- |

line on an account of yesterday’s proceedings at Fort Devens, un- der the by-line of Lawrence Goldberg, contained false and misleading statements about the

testimony given in yesterday’s

session.

He cited as particularly objec- tionable the banner headline on the page-one story which said “Thierman Card-Carrying Red, Dr. Robin Testifies at Trial.” He also referred to the closing para- graph of (the story in which a

ter for the Associated States, Jean Letourneau, were reported in favor of taking the Laos case to the UN. However, they en- countered stubborn opposition from Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, supported by some of the other cabinet members.

More U.S. Aid Sought

The positions of the two groups can be summed up as follows:

M. Mayer and those in favor of “internationalizing” the Laos ag- gression argue that this would

statement was made about the | jead to increased American aid to

accuracy of the Wednesday, April 29, Goldberg story to which Mr. Bloch had objected.

The paragraph in question stated that “the Post story re- ferred to in arguments before the court was published this morning and predicted with accuracy that Dr. Robins would be the chief government witness against Dr. Thierman, etc., etc.”

Indo-China and would result in

a link between the Indo-Chinese war and the Korean conflict, par-

ticularly where peace parleys are ' concerned. They argue that peace ‘in Korea could not be reached then without the assurance that

Communist China would cease aiding Ho Chi Minh and his forces, who obtain a good many

Churchill Defends MIG Bribe

By Reuters

London

Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill has defended the le- gality of the United Nations command's te oe

it is very much better to bribe a person

than to killa n be

killed.”

and very much better to be bribed than te

| oo

State of the Nation

Trade. Not Aid—a Practical View

By ROSCOE DRUMMOND, Chiel, Washington News Bureau, The Christian Science Monitor

Washington

' Substitution of a policy of ‘trade for aid. with our princi- pal allies is not something ‘which concerns a few busi- ‘nessmen whose companies would have to accept competi- ‘tion in the open market of world trade.

It concerns the whole na- tional welfare. _ It concerns the pocketbooks of every voter and every tax- payer.

It concerns the effectiveness of America’s efforts to help build the strength and unity of the free world in the com- mon defense.

It concerns the vigor and health of the whole economy

}—not just a few industries:

There is little doubt that if

é . s|the United States begins to ‘ae | Duy from abroad in proportion

oo oe oes

iito what it sells abroad, there

will be some economic dislo- cations within the nation. Ways of easing these disloca- tions should be examined. They present a very real problem. But in reaching an over-all policy decision we need to weigh the national welfare against the affected industries and to determine on balance whether trade rather than aid is not, on balance, the far greater good.

Py ae Sometimes the advocates of trade, not aid, are met by op- position which does not deal

"Wl with the merits of their argu-

| ments but, rather, dismisses them on the ground that they are “theorists” and “have never met a The | “practical” critic objects to such observations as these:

“The gradual reduction of the United States tariffs is an indispensable ingredient of a forward-looking economic policy.”

The critic also objects to the following statement of the dilemma arising from the fact that we sell about $4,500,000,- 000 more abroad than we buy:

“We can continue giving away our assets in the form of foreign aid. Or,

“We can accept more foreign goods thereby obtain- ing a useful quid pro. quo for our exports. |

“Tf we do neither of these things we are sure to precipi-

£2

*| It concerns the ability of “a | the government to cut federal ANG »)| spending, balance the budget, » |and reduce taxes.

Justus, Minneapolis Star Horns of the Dilemma

tate a new international pay- ments crisis and lose foreign markets for our export in- dustries. The result will be detrimental to our own wel- fare and to the unity and strength of the entire western world.” Ree

The advocate of the fore- going, views is not a theorist

“The free world. is not a The

rocal Trade Agreements Act without protectionist amend- ments. The vote was more than four to one for the law giving the President power to negotiate mutual tariff reduc- tions.

This was not a poll reflect- ing the opinion of theorists who never have met a pay- roll. It reported the opinion of

New England business and in- |

dustrial leaders whose firms comprise the membership of the New England Council and the New England Association of Commercial Executives.

“The Communists,” says Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith who, as former ambassador to Mos- cow, knows the Communists pretty well, “look with enthu- siastic approval on the erec- tion of new trade barriers be- tween the nations of the free world.

“Our national policy must be directed toward preventing such disruption. There must be more trade to help defeat the short-range threat to our

accomplishing the long-range | task which faces us, once the |

peate we seek has been won.”

General Smith may never have met a payroll, except in the Army, but he is an in- formed and respected

man of an

elected, in part, because of its regard for the best interests of American business.

+ b&b bh

And this year the Chamber of Commerce of the ' United States itself is giving support to the policy of increasing im- ports ‘on the ground that such a policy is in the national terest. ,

Members of the chamber are not theorists only and. they have all met payrolls.

: :

Plight in UN Recalled M. Bidault has not forgotten, it seems, the number of occa-

sions during the past winter i

when the French representatives walked out of UN sessions to avoid listening to harsh criticism of their country’s overseas pol- icies in North Africa and Asia. The Paris press has taken up the discussion on the Indo- Chinese news with energy, and some bitterness, A striving article by Servan Schreiber in Le Monde, entitled “Why We Are Fighting,” refers to the report drawn up by a parliamentary commission of

inquiry.

M. Schreiber charges that “real power in Indo-China belongs to the army. . . » The interest of the metropole, however, is eliminated a trifle more by the game of certain French politi groups which have found their principal source of revenue in the war.” He also refers to “a determination to prevent any solution other than a military victory—that is, indefinite occupation.”

Grim News Expected Other papers refer to

tion is a guarantee that one of M. Mayer's first actions when Parliament reconvenes on May 12 must be to ask for a wide debate on the whole Indo-Chinese prob- lem and the conduct of the war.

_ In the meantime, however, it is expected here that the news may be increasingly dramatic, for official reassurance at present has taken no more solid form than reference to the imminence of the rainy season, which it. is thought may hold up the aggres- sors, though in the past it has proved mainly a handicap for French aviation.

a West Indies Group Acts on Unification

By the Associated Press London

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| ) ; '

| | ' ;

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:

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: : :

Comm point is the continued “provoca- tive” presence lara Na-

Nations help to get out the tres- passers, Peking has left Rangoon policy unattacked and has made

no reference to Burmese military efforts against its own Commu-

the advancing Viet Minh forces.

Realistic Stand Urged

This menacing situation is ac- companied by a widening expres- sion of the view that there “can be no peaceful] settlement any- where in the East unless Come munist China consents.” This is the party line, of course—relayed by every undercover agent.

Nevertheless, if-is being voiced independent

has. They argue therefore that Sino- Soviet blackmail to get Commu- nist China into the United Nations would be more wisely met by concession than by taking the emerging consequences of the alternative.

In short, southeast Asia is get-

to lean more toward military than political solutions.

The World’s Day

Washington: Young Sentenced in ‘Mink’ Scandal security. Trade will assist in E. Merl Young, key figure in mink coat scandals in the Recdn- Finance Corporation i

struction

nvestigation, was sentenced to lying to

serve a prison term of four months to two years for

Senate investigators.

bill e units in 32 states until been due to expire at midnight tonigh implied—for the first time—that

00,000 The Atomic Energy

rent controls on 5,- oat 31. The controls had

Commission it has actual “devices” in the hydrogen bomb line, presumably crude models, and that they release atomic energy on a “large

scale.”

Boston: Atomic Energy Act Modification Urged

Far East: Second Plane With PWs Leaves Tokyo

A second planeload of more than 40 freed American prisoners of on its way to the United States.

Jr., of the United States Air Force in

of world’s leading jet ace after bagging

APRIL 30, 1953 _ |

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Whitmore Takes On Big Joh ee |, ee ° eS es oT aap ». | Urgedin Atomic hes By EDGAR M. MILLS, New England Political Correspondent cc ae = | of The Christian Science Monitor By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor ° , . : : “fh . An all-out effort to report out jacting chairman, and now chair-' ~) ‘Wider. participation of private poenmeaen application of atomic © the state budget to the Massachu- |™an, of the ways and means) - enterprise in atomic energy Con | Tite aatanal she iicaiostal lat time next Committee. In working such & | velopment was utged by Dr. ot Satin eames | | P the incentives to te week is ufider way in the House |ample of his predecessor who Fl or a RGAE i aise tee ; private indus- Committee on Ways and Means. was often the first man in and | a er acsees “One to 7 investments Since January the committee Usually the last man out of the) today. a te “in | State House at night. More realistic handling of se- |! Priva atomic pows has beer poring over state finan- ““ " “i iC ee ee a ee nS in the atomic energy field |*T, Projects. which involves im- cial figures endeavoring to pre- | Joh——and Hobb © | was also advised by the chair- |Plicity the ownership of plants sent a frugal, workable expendi- | Y "~*~ | man of the Massachusetts Insti- and of fissionable material, with So for Mr. Whitmore legislative | tute of Technology corporation. |

appropriate safeguards to its dis- tion and use

ture program within the frame-— service, or rather state govern- “A second type has to do with

work of the present revenue ment as a whole, has become not

yields of the state’s tax setup. only a oonaze yg 7 but a. con- Directing the budget drive is stant hobby as well,

» new helmaman, Representative |, 45, Proof, Mr. Whitmore calls

his duties on the Baby Hoover i ete Whitmore, Jr. (R), of Commission his “No, 1 Public) 77

: _ | Service Pleasure.” mittee after several weeks as|/#tor plunges ever deeper into |mia re at) Pence iia... * rows Se. oo tS | acting chairman. He has succeed- | ‘€ W4Ys and means committee : ae oo | ye és (Nt F BP tet a

| scets t di recti hich nods |

| portant di ons in which mod- | pate licensing.” sug- jification of the Atomic Energy eed ee patents ice pAct would promote the national | directly national defense ) welfare.” should be made subject to the Dr. Compton addressed a gen- ortlinary patent law and proe feral session of the northeastesn | cedure.

a ere of by =| A third type of incentive can tute of Electrical Engi- | ed Dr: Compton was that “iy whee plammepegsrps manos wg es to

j tasks, he is swiftly reaching a

ed the highly regarded late Rep- ~ point where he must make a - ' pene ig es Bs pons oa . decision as to his future political phan y Phnne Bony tied pp Ree rector of the reactor vse gy tm is legendary Course. Sennen dovelanenatiin en atomic Fhe ws of br United tes a . m One road has at its end the mental and operating tomic Energy Commission, made

els,” for their thoughts on how | mg en report on atomic power

the Atomic Energy Act could best |.

In an interview before his be changed “to make it the most effective base for our security| speech, he said his purpose was

to set the stage for engineers to national advantage in this | understand the arguments that

| wil i Dr. Compton said they ail had will go on concerning atomic en-

agreed the act should be amended “He sie aed oa years. wil

post of Mayor of Newton.

The other path is the one he now is treading in the ways and means post. It could lead to even greater state honors although the ways and means chairman is one of the most powerful figures in state service.

Invaluable Training

So the new chairman has a major duty placed on his shoul- ders, even though he is serving his first year on the ways and means committee, an wunprece- dented rise on that most impor-

today’s general session.

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tant committee of the Legisla-| Long before the possjbility de- ture. veloped that as a first-year ways : concerning matters of secrecy have to be familiar with eco- But Mr. Whitmore is far from and means committeeman he and private participation. "3 'nomics which he termed “crucial a legislative neophyte. He is| would become chairman, Mr. f Unfortunately,” he said, “se- _to an understanding of all con- serving his fourth legislative); Whitmore announced his candi- crecy and progress are mutually | siderations of the civilian de- term, More important, he has | dacy for Mayor of Newton. inimical, as is true of all progress | velopment of atomic power.” in science whether for military

Another big question, Dr. Haf- purposes or otherwise. Any ele- | stead said, is whether government ment of secrecy imposed on sci- | or private industry should finance entific progress acts like a brake.” | development of atomic energy for Dr. Compton said one of the civilian use in view of the fact best suggestions he had heard | that power thus obtained will was “that a high commission be | compete with coal and oil, appointed, composed of people He stressed the fact that power who are in the best possible posi- | is particularly cheap in the United tion to know the significance of | States. For this reason, he said,

served on the Special Commis- -sion on the Structure of the State Government since it.was formed in 1949.

He regards his service on that so-called Baby Hoover Commis- sion as invaluable training for his new post, a liberal back- ground on state affairs.

Working at the job of being a

Must Choose Field

Both jobs are highly impor- tarit, but in obviously different spheres. Both are time-consum- ing positions. So after the 1953 legislative session closes. Mr. ' Whitmore must make his deci- sion, a difficult one because of

va

ne ia Associated Press

Anne Cushman of Greenfield, Mass., right, stands by the famous

“Sweetheart Gate.” which frames Beatrice Arial of Shelburne, Mass., in this prize-winning photograph made at Charlemont,

7. om > as s we be) . a -

4 aa” the prospective swains out. This photo, by Marvin Richmond of Worcester, Mass., won a prize in a recent phote contest. The New England members of the National Press Photographers Association are meeting in Shelburne May 23 and 24 during “Photo Week”

legislator has become a 9 a.m, to his interests in both fields. Mass. on the Mohawk Trail. The gate served the purpose, in ti P p.m, or later schedule. for; As he puts it: Colonial times, of keeping “darling daughter” inside the gate and on the Mohawk Trail. | paper yet Ry me Renn aten Sor ineetive. Thieme “Howie” since taking over as; “Since becoming involved in a : slyze and to judes what parts of | even: met phaad of este 2 notes ood rag tes shicen ot son Kew + | os Sl d H . s this 8 ayy open are ones reason.” al Ma: | . ' available to our tential ene- He Co icity, but my primary course has Ruling Upset AprilReportCard \jU oe ails uccess bem po oct, weld, Congress ‘bat ste ‘been and still is to be in a job re | Ep epeskina of the desirability | nection ~¥~

=

P & SHOP ‘where my constituents feel I can be of most service.”

RQ FOOO0 MARKETS | Meanwhile, Mr. Whitmore is ' busy putting final touches on the budget, which is expected to be | well above the $279,000,000 total | submitted by Governor Herter | in January.

This is due to the fact that the budget is expected to include a salary increase for state employ- ees. It is understood the commit- tee is planning to propose a grad-

of wider participation by private| should be spent on atomic ree enterprise, Dr. Compton said he| search and how much private meant “particularly the field of! participation there should be in it,

Rates Sun at 42%

unshine that favored Bos-

In MDC Land Pins today actually prevailed in

Damage , Case Boston 42 per cent of the pos- |

sible time it could have been shining during April, James | K. MeGuire, section director of

The Governor’s Executive’ the federal weather bureau of- Council today rescinded its pre- vious. action in approving a. $5,000 land damage payment in |

fice in Boston said today. a Metropolitan District Commis- |

Of Fight on Dope Sales

Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor By Laura Haddock | no sympathy for them. And I say

With the sentencing today of! to you, Mr. Byrn®, and to you, Foreign Students to View

‘Melvin Weiner. of Chelsea to a} Mr. Sullivan, that you have really | . Old N.E. at Sturbridge

'term of three to four years in| earned the sincere appreciation | Women’s Activities

‘prison for heroin peddling, Judge | of the public. | ‘Frank E. Smith in Suffolk Su-| District Attorney Byrne took | ‘perior Court brought to an end/| special occasion to praise the ‘the court's action in the current work of the police department.

And this, despite the fact that measurable amounts of rain fell in Boston on 18 of

me eee ——— a eee ee

uated scale’ of increases rather | sion case, after two members of| the 30 days. Other days were (all-out campaign waged since! He said the investigation had re-

than a flat rate covering all em-/| the MDC disagreed slightly as to; cloudy. ‘January by District Attorney | quired literally night-and-day By Betty Driscoll Mayo

Ployees. A $180 to $300 increase | how the commission's approval Such conditions reduced the (Garrett H. Byrne to rid the city | work on the part of the police Stef Writer of The Christian Science Monitor

is reported under consideration. of the award was noted even| percentage of time that the of the narcotics traffic. and the staff of the district attor- Fifty foreign students from the vice-president of the national

ney’s office, a fact which he felt | International Student Center in! federation, Sedalia, Mo., will be the public should be told. |Cambridge will be introduced to | the guest speaker at the dinner

| 'a typical early New England | Saturday evening, with.music te $100,000 Legal Fee Reformatory for indeterminate

community this Saturday, May 2,; be provided by the_Cape Ann sentences and two women to the For Helping Alien |

'when they will. be treated to a Bell Ringers. day-long visit at Old Sturbridge; Friday will be:fun night Village, - Sturbridge, Mass., on Saturday is to be devoted to the per cent, recorded in April of |refromattry at Framingham, also | T 1901, 'for indeterminate sentences. Into U.S. Upheld For the first four months of | The district attorney’s office ob- : the year, the percentage of tained convictions in all but one, 4 Jawyer'’s fee of $100,000 for | possible sunshine totaled 47 case That was the case of a’niding a former enemy alien to:

sun was Visible, Mr. McGuire pointed out, and the 42 per cent of possible sun for the month was 14 per cent below the average for April, he said. The least sunshine in any April on record at Boston was 27

Judge Smith has sent one man to state prison for six to eight ‘years, three for three to four years, another three for three to fice-year terms, four to Concord

though the commission had not even discussed the case.

The. disagreement came during a s@ssion of the Executive Coun- | cil when the commissioners were | called in to explain how the council had been informed that the MDC had approved the pay-| | ment at a meeting April 2 when | it later was discovered that no action had been taken by the MDC.

Aides Praised

As neophyte chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, Mr. Whitmore. is quick to recognize the importance of the work being | done by Charles E. Shepard, budget director of the Ways and Means Commitee; Joseph Burke, secretary to the committee, and William H. Bixby, State Budget

PICTURE

Route 20. business of the convention, with Hostesses on the trip will be: Miss Margaret M. Jackson of New members of the Interriational Re-, Bedford, president, presiding. A lations Committee of the Massa-| double slate: of officers will be chusetts Federation of Women’s | presented for the first time:

If you want to see a pic- ture that’s an eye-filling

treat, come into Stop & Commissioner. | | : 0 , ~ Harold E. Steveng of Lexington} Ber. cent against a normal of | woman accused possessing return from Switzerland to the! Clubs, of »which” Mrs. A : Unfinished business” will be vena? He pointed out that without | , The : uds, Of “whic rs. Americo! n business Shop. Here you'll find} ineir “loyal, intelMgent” service, rae mY Cook of'Roston, meta oe ely agg rag heroin and a Was ay om <4 United States in 1949-was con-| Chaves of Arlington Heights, is} taken up at-thé Sunda sucrning enormous selections of his problems