Talk to the Military and Political Cadres to Be Dispatched to Northeast China September 15, 1945

As you are all aware, at a recent meeting we adopted an important resolution to send elite military and political cadres of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army to Northeast China as support for the revolutionary struggle of the Chinese people. According to this resolution, we have already sent many comrades to the northeast region. Today, you are also leaving for your destination.

I myself want to send you to the liberated homeland as soon as possible so that all of you, who fought the Japanese imperialist aggressors to liberate the country, living in the open on the wilderness of Manchuria for a long time, can meet your dear kinsfolk, recover from the pressures of war, and take part in building a new Korea. However, the situation in Northeast China does not permit such developments.

The present situation in Northeast China is very complex.

As you can judge from the situation in the Mudanjiang area, Northeast China faces a great threat from the manoeuvres of the Chiang Kai-shek clique, since the defeat of Japanese imperialism.

The Chiang Kai-shek clique is now plotting openly to occupy Northeast China. They are reorganizing the northeastern provinces of China, setting up an administrative system and forming local organizations of the Kuomintang. They are also stepping up military preparations to occupy the northeastern region with the “aid” of the United States.

In that part of China, remnants of the defeated Japanese


army and of the puppet Manchukuo army, local bandits and landlords are being rallied into a counter-revolutionary force, pinning hope on Chiang Kai-shek Kuomintang army, and are further complicating the situation. They are rising up in rebellion in many places against what they call communism, resisting desperately, plundering and murdering the people.

We cannot remain onlookers in the tense and difficult situation prevailing in Northeast China.

Support for the Chinese people in their revolutionary struggle is the noble, internationalist duty of the Korean communists and all the Korean people.

The revolutionary struggle of the Chinese people is a link in the national liberation struggle of the Asian peoples, and defence of the northeastern region is required to accelerate the victory of the Chinese revolution. After the victory in the anti-Japanese war, this region has assumed strategic importance in the Chinese revolution from the political, economic and military points of view. The stationing of the Soviet forces in this area has provided social and political conditions for the development of the people’s revolutionary struggle. This area is also blessed with favourable natural, economic conditions. If it comes into the hands of the Communist Party of China, this region will play a great role in the revolutionary struggle of the Chinese people.

Support for the revolutionary struggle of the Chinese people is also a noble undertaking to benefit the Korean revolution and our compatriots living in Northeast China.

China is Korea’s neighbour and its northeastern region borders the northern part of Korea. Therefore, if a


democratic government is established and a strong revolutionary base is built in Northeast China, the situation will favour our revolution.

Many Koreans now live in Northeast China. They have undergone all hardships and sufferings under the tyranny of the Japanese imperialists, landlords and capitalists. Many of them have participated in the anti-Japanese armed struggle and have given moral and material support to the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army. Our support for the revolutionary struggle of the people of Northeast China will contribute to the liberation of the Chinese people and also millions of our compatriots there from the yoke of the enemies.

What will be your task in Northeast China?

You must actively help them organize armed ranks to destroy the reactionary forces.

Without strong armed forces, it will be impossible to defeat the reactionary forces. The armed ranks must comprise stalwart young Koreans and Chinese, with anti-Japanese war veterans at the core, and embrace the people’s armed units, which have been separately organized and operating in different places, so as to rapidly expand the armed ranks.

You must provide effective assistance for the people in various places in their efforts to establish a democratic government.

As matters now stand in Northeast China, only a small area is controlled by the Soviet forces. Many places are controlled by remnants of the puppet Manchukuo army, local landlords and bandits.

If a democratic government of the Chinese people is not


established in the northeastern region, a reactionary government controlled by the Kuomintang, may be set up. You must help the Chinese people establish a democratic government, which represents the will of the people in various places, before the Kuomintang government “accepts” administrative power over this region.

You must provide hearty assistance for the government organs in their efforts to mobilize the armed units and all other democratic forces in dealing strictly with all those who disturb social order and in stamping out seditious moves of landlords, bandits, and remnants of the defeated Japanese army and the puppet Manchukuo army.

You must work hard, in close cooperation with the Communist Party, to build up its local organizations.

You must set up Party organizations in places where there is no grassroot organization of the Communist Party, and expand, at the same time, the Party ranks steadily, by recruiting the best workers and peasants.

You must make sure that the local Party organizations enforce the decisions of the CPC to the letter and strengthen its unity and cohesion.

The efficient formation of mass organizations is extremely important in rallying the revolutionary forces.

You must help local Party organizations form mass organizations to suit local conditions and_ the preparedness of the people there. In this way mass organizations will be formed at any place, where there are people, so that broad masses of the people are united firmly behind the CPC.

You must help them in the work of forming the united front to rally all the democratic forces.


Even when I met and talked with leaders of the Koryo People’s Association, an organization of Koreans in the Mudanjiang area, I told them that they should form an organization capable of uniting all Koreans and Chinese aspiring to democracy. At that time I told them that if they formed an organization akin to a great democratic union, all Korean and Chinese people would join it. They said that they would amend the programme and rules of their organization and rename it to admit both Koreans and Chinese. I think it is rational to form a united front organization like a great democratic union in Northeast China, an organization, which can embrace broad democratic forces of all strata, despite differences in party and other organizational affiliation and nationality.

The members of the Communist Party must play a leading role in the work of the united front and adhere to the principle of unity through struggle. You must make positive efforts to rally all democratic forces of various sections and even wavering strata into the united front, while acting strictly against reactionary elements infiltrating the united front.

Particular attention must be paid to strengthening solidarity between the Korean and Chinese peoples.

The Korean and Chinese peoples have cooperated in the hard-fought struggle against the Japanese imperialist aggressors. But the enemy’s manoeuvres of playing one nation off against another are a serious obstacle to solidarity between the two peoples.

The enemy is creating bad blood between the Korean and Chinese peoples by spreading false rumours that Koreans were the running-dogs of the Japanese


imperialists; it is even instigating reckless clashes between them. In some parts of eastern Manchuria, even blood has been shed between Koreans and Chinese. This is really deplorable. But you must not be carried away by national prejudice in dealing with the situation, and fail to see through the enemy’s tricks. If you fall victim to national prejudice in your efforts to deal with this matter, you will be fooled by the enemy’s plots to pit one nation against another and may entail serious consequences.

Whatever the situation, you must refrain from any words and behaviour, which might weaken solidarity between the two peoples. You must make it clear to both the Korean and Chinese peoples that they are waging a revolutionary struggle to build a new society and encourage them to display a spirit of solidarity and cooperation.

Comrade Kang Kon will take charge of your work in Northeast China. You must report everything to Comrade Kang Kon, who will stay in Yanji, and act according to his instructions. You must maintain close touch with the headquarters of the Soviet forces and the organizations of the CPC in relevant areas.

The motto of our Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army, “As fish cannot live without water, so guerrillas cannot live without the people,” is a maxim for the revolutionaries now and in the future, just as it was in the days of the anti-Japanese armed struggle.

As we have conducted the anti-Japanese armed struggle by relying on the people, you must always go among the people and carry out your tasks, relying on them.

You must fully grasp the actual situation in the area of your destination, plan your work and implement it


creatively. You must be modest and simple, mix intimately with the masses and lead a frugal life as they do.

I hope that you will carry out your revolutionary tasks successfully with high pride as internationalist fighters and then return to the homeland in good health.